Finding Information on Positive Aspects of Population Growth (BI131)

Introduction

It is easy to find literature predicting evil consequences to rapid population growth, but much more difficult to find literature supporting the opposite conclusion. Here are some ways to find "pro" arguments on the topic. There is also a list of sources, based on the BI131 handout.

Julian Simon

The person most associated with the positive position on population growth is Julian L. Simon. In addition to books in the library catalog, there are articles by and about Simon in library databases (see below), a page of full-text articles and books by Julian Simon on the Internet at http://www.juliansimon.org/writings/.

Searching for periodical Articles:



Opposing Viewpoints in Context

An online database called Opposing Viewpoints in Context covers controversial issues, and has content from magazines, newspapers, journals, and from books such as those in the Opposing Viewpoints Series, the Current Controversies Series and others. It is an excellent place to look for views on population growth. Try typing "Overpopulation" in the search space. Look at the "Viewpoints" in the results to find opinions.

The Gale databases Academic OneFile and General OneFile also havemany pertinent articles on population. There's more than one way to approach finding them. All methods will require you to do some sifting through the resulting list of citations to find the ones relevant to an optimistic assessment of population growth. Note: When you see the full text or PDF icons in the link beneath the article citation in the database, you can view, print, download, or e-mail the article.

A keyword search for Julian Simon or Julian L. Simon will yield many articles discussing his theories and related ones.

Combining terms is another option for finding articles. You can combine terms such as those below on different lines of the search.

Key wordWith key word:
Population economic aspects, econometric models, environmental aspects
Demographic transition none
Population forecasting none
Population policy demographic change


Picture of database advanced search screen

Whatever search strategy you choose, you will have to pick through the resulting list to find articles that support the "pro" position. Look for phrases like "defusing the population bomb," or "the more, the merrier," which suggest a less negative position; or look for words or phrases that suggest going against the general opinion, such as "misconceptions" or "reconsidered."

Here is an explanation of some words you may see in article titles:

Cairo
The United Nations' International Conference on Population and Development, 1994, held in Cairo, Egypt. There was also a followup conference to this original one held in July, 1999 in New York.
Cornucopian
A word used to describe the optimistic views of Julian Simon and others, chiefly by their detractors.
Demographic transition
A change from from high rates of birth and death to low ones, as societies become modern. Some demographers (population experts) believe this change will take place worldwide.
Malthusian
Pertaining to the theories of 18th-century economist Thomas Malthus, who believed that population will inevitably increase faster than food supplies, and that when this happens, starvation, war, and disease will kill off the suplus population.
Revisionist
See "Cornucopian."

Searching for Books

Books may be found in the CCRLS library catalog. You may do a Subject search on Population, or you can use combinations of key words such as those shown above.


Resources For Population Debate: Positive Population Growth

This section is intended to supplement the instructional handout listing articles with a "pro" position on population growth. Many of the materials in this list appear on the BI131 class handout.

The list is in arranged sections by type of material. Magazine and journal articles are first, followed by books.

Periodical Articles

The following articles are available electronically on the library's databases, or in print at the Chemeketa library, or both. If you are on a computer connected to Chemeketa's network, clicking on a highlighted title will take you directly to the article.

If you are viewing this page on a computer not connected to Chemeketa's network, you will be prompted to enter your My Chemeketa username and password to access the article.

Abernethy, V. (1994, December). Optimism and overpopulation. 
      Atlantic Monthly, 274, 84 (5 p.). Retrieved November 9, 
      2009, from General OneFile.

Abernethy, V. (2004, September/October). Not tonight, sweetie; no energy. 
      World Watch, 17, 26-30. Retrieved November 28, 2005, from General 
      OneFile databases. N.B. 
      This article is listed under the title, "Population and its discontents" 
      in the BI131 handout.

Angus, I. & Butler, S. (2012). Limiting immigration to control population 
      growth will not protect the environment. In D. M. Haugen & S. Musser 
      (Eds.), Opposing Viewpoints: Population. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. 
      (Reprinted from Should Climate Activists Support Limits on 
      Immigration?, Socialist Voice, 2010, January 24) Retrieved July 
      26, 2012, from Opposing Viewpoints in Context database.

Apocalypse not. (2005, March). Geographical, 77, 52-53. Retrieved 
      November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database

Ayres, R. (2004, September/October). The economic conundrum of an aging 
      population. World Watch, 17, 45-49. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from 
      General Onefile. N.B. This article is listed under the title, "Population 
      and its discontents" in the BI131 handout.

Baird, V. (2010, January-February). Too many people? New Internationalist, 429, 4-8. 
      Retrieved from Academic OneFile database as two files: Part 1 and Part 2

Barrett, G.W. & Odum, E.P. (2000). The twenty-first century: The world at 
      carrying capacity. Bioscience, 50, 363 (6 p.). Retrieved November 
      28, 2005, from General OneFile.

Bauer, P. T. (1998, Summer). Population growth: Disaster or blessing? 
      Independent Review, 3, 67 (10 p.). Retrieved November 9, 
      2009, from General OneFile.

Becker, G.S., Glasier, E.L., & Murphy, K.M. (1999, May). Population and economic 
      growth. American Economic Review, 89, 145 (5 p.). Retrieved July 26, 
      2012, from JSTOR database 

Berreby, D. (1990, April). The numbers game. Discover 11, 42 (6 p.).

Bloom, D. (2006, September). Booms, busts, and echoes: how the biggest 
      demographic upheaval in history is affecting global development. 
      Finance & Development 43, 8-13.

Bloom, D.E. (2011). 7 billion and counting. Science, 333, 562-569 
      doi:10.1126/science.1209290

Bongaarts, J. (1998). Demographic consequences of declining fertility. Science 282, 419, 
      (2 p.) Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Bongaarts, J. (2009). Human population growth and the demographic 
      transition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: 
      Biological Sciences 364, 2985–2990. DOI:10.1098/rstb.2009.0137

Bryant, J. (2007). Theories of fertility decline 
      and the evidence from development indicators. Population and 
      Development Review, 33, 101-127. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from JSTOR.

Cervellati, M. & Sunde, U. (2005). 
Human capital formation, life expectancy, and the process of development. 
      American Economic Review 95, 1653-1672.  Retrieved July 26, 2012, from 
      JSTOR database

Cheeseman, A. (2012). Discussions of overpopulation often lead to racist 
      and elitist solutions. In D. M. Haugen & S. Musser (Eds.), Opposing 
      viewpoints: Population. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. (Reprinted from 
      Overpopulation: A racist myth, Socialist Alternative, 2007) 
      Retrieved from Opposing Viewpoints in Context database

Cohen, J.E. (1996, April). Ten myths of population. Discover 17, 42. (5 p.).

Cohen, J.E. (2003). Human population: The next half century. Science 
      302, 1172-1175. Retrieved November 28, 2005, from General OneFile database.

Does population matter? (2002, December 7). Does population matter? Economist 365, 74.  
      Retrieved September 24, 2003, from General OneFile database.

Easterbrook, G. (1999, October 11). Reproductivity. New Republic 221, 22 (4 p.).
      Retrieved November 9, 2009, from LexisNexis Academic database.

Eberstadt, N. (2010, November-December). The demographic 
      future: what population growth--and decline--means for the global economy/ Foreign
      Affairs 89, p. 54.

Eberstadt, N. (2006, Winter). Doom and demography. Wilson Quarterly, 30, 
      27-31. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Eberstadt, N. (2005, Spring). Rethinking the population problem.  Public 
      Interest, Issue 159, 139-151. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General 
      OneFile database.

Eberstadt, N. (2000, December). We've Lots of Room for People. American Enterprise 
      11, 48 (2 p.). Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile
      database.

Eberstadt, N. (2000, First Quarter). World depopulation: Last one out, turn out 
      the lights. Milliken Institute Review, 36-48. Retrieved November 28, 2000, from
      the World Wide Web: 
      http://www.milkeninstitute.org/publications/review/2000_3/mir5_30_depop.pdf

Falling fertility. (2009, October 31). The Economist, 393, 15. Retrieved 
      from  Academic OneFile database

Feeney, G. (1994, December 2). Fertility decline in East Asia. Science 266, 1518 (6 p.).
      Retrieved November 9, 2009 from General OneFile database.

Galor, O. & Weil, D.N. (1999). From Malthusian stagnation to modern growth. 
      American Economic Review, 89, 150-4. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from 
      JSTOR database

Galor, O. & Weil, D.N. (September 2000). Population, technology, and 
      growth: From Malthusian stagnation to the demographic transition and 
      beyond. American Economic Review, 90,  806-828 Retrieved July 26, 2012, 
      from JSTOR database.

Greenwood, J. & Seshadri, A. (2002). The U.S. demographic transition. 
      American Economic Review 92, 153-159. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from 
      JSTOR database

Hansen, G.D., & Prescott, E.C. (2002). Malthus to Solow. American Economic 
      Review, 92,  1205-1217. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from JSTOR database

Harren, Mia. (2011, May 19). Overpopulation is a myth. Catholic Anchor Online: 
      Newspaper of the Archdiocese of Anchorage Retrieved from 
      http://www.catholicanchor.org/wordpress/ 

Horiuchi, S. (1992). Stagnation in the decline of the world population growth rate 
      during the 1980s. Science 257, 761 (5 p.). 

Hyde, H. A.  (1997, June).  Slow death in the Great Plains. Atlantic Monthly,  279, 
      42 (3 p.). October 28, 2005, from General OneFile database

James, K.S. (2011). India's demographic change: Opportunities and challenges. 
      Science, 333, 576-580. doi: 10.1126/science.1207969

Kain, E. (2011, October 25). Why pro-immigration and pro-growth policies are good 
      for America. [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/
      erikkain/2011/10/25/why-pro-immigration-and-pro-growth-policies-are-good-for-america/

Kotkin, J., & Siegel, H. (2013, February 15). Where have all the babies 
      gone? Newsweek, 161, 1. Retrieved from Academic OneFile database

Kramer, S. P. (2012). Baby gap: how to boost birthrates and avoid 
      demographic decline. Foreign Affairs, 91, 2. Retrieved July 
      30, 2012, from General OneFile

Lambert, T. (1995, January). What they missed in Cairo: Defusing the population bomb. 
       USA Today Magazine 123, 33.(3 p.) Retrieved November 21, 2000, from General 
       OneFile database

Landsburg, S. E. (1995, May 22). The more, the merrier. Forbes 155, 166.

Lee, R. (2011). The outlook for population growth. Science, 333, 569-573. 
      doi:  10.1126/science.1208859

Lee, R. & Mason, A. (2006, September). What is the demographic dividend? 
      Finance & Development 43, 16-17

Last, J.W. (2012, November 14) Come on in, the Earth Is Fine; With its 7 
      billionth person stunt, the U.N. boosts the overpopulation hysteria. 
      The Weekly Standard 17. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from General OneFile

Lomborg, B. (2002, December 21). How healthy is the world? [Electronic version] 
      BMJ: British Medical Journal 32, 1461-1466. Also available
      on PubMed Central.

Longman, P. (2004, May 31). Everywhere, even in Africa, the world is running out of 
      children. New Statesman, 133, 27-29. Retrieved November 9, 2009, 
      from enral Onefile database

Longman, P. (2004, May). The Global Baby Bust. Foreign Affairs, 83, 64 (16 p.).  
      Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Longman, P. (2004, April 19). Which nations will go forth and multiply? Fortune 149, 
      60 (2 p.). Retrieved November 9, 2009, from Academic OneFile database.

Malakoff, D. (2011). Are more people necessarily a problem? Science 333, 569-573. 
      doi: 10.1126/science.333.6042.544

Mandel, M. (2004, September 13). Productivity trumps demographics. Business 
      Week Online. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from 
      http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/sep2004/nf20040913_4396_db084.htm

Mandel, M.J. (2005, January 31). Productivity can make up the gap. Business Week, 48. 
      Retrieved November 9, 2009, from 
      http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_05/b3918035.htm

McKibben, B. (1998, May). A special moment in history. Atlantic Monthly, 281, 55. 
      Retrieved November 28, 2005, from General OneFile database.

McKibben, B. (1999, November/December). Taking the pulse of the planet.
      Audubon 101, 104-110. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from
      http://archive.audubonmagazine.org/population.html

McNeil Jr., Donald G. (2004, August 29). Demographic 'Bomb' May Only Go 'Pop!'. 
      New York Times 153, Section 4, p. 1. Retrieved from
      LexisNexis Academic database.

Moffett, G.  (1994, Summer). The population question revisited. Wilson Quarterly  18, 54 
      (24 p.) Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Moore, S. (1998, March 9). Julian Simon, RIP. National Review 50, 22. (2 p.).
      Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Moore, S. (1999, October 25). Body Count. National Review 51, 45 (5 p.).
	Retrieved November 22, 2000, from General Onefile database.

Moore, S. (2003, August). Julian the Great.  American Spectator 36, 53 (3 p.). 
      Retrieved November 9, 2009, from LexisNexis Academic database.

Mulligan, C.B. (2009, September 23). The more, the merrier: Population growth 
     promotes innovation. [Web log post]. Retrieved from 
     http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/09/23/
     the-more-the-merrier-population-growth-promotes-innovation/?_r=0

Nierenberg, D. (2004, September/October). The population story ... so far. 
      World Watch 17, 14-17. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General 
      OneFile database. N.B. This is listed under the title, 
      "Population and its discontents" in the BI131 handout.

Olshansky, S. J. & Carnes, B. A. (1993, April). The aging of the human species. Scientific 
      American  268,  46 (7 p.).

Paarlberg, R. (2008, June 27). The real food crisis. Chronicle of 
      Higher Education 54, 12. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from General Onefile.

Paarlberg, R. (2012). Global population growth will not cause more hunger. 
      In D. M. Haugen & S. Musser (Eds.), Opposing viewpoints: Population. 
      Detroit: Greenhaven Press. (Reprinted from The Real food crisis, Chronicle 
      of Higher Education, 2008, June 27) Retrieved from Opposing Viewpoints 
      in Context database
Pearce, F. (1999, December). Counting Down. World Press Review 46, 13 2 p.).

Pearce, F. (2012). Overconsumption, not overpopulation, is a threat to 
      the environment. In D. M. Haugen & S. Musser (Eds.), Opposing 
      Viewpoints: Population. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. (Reprinted from 
      Consumption dwarfs population as main environmental threat, Yale 
      Environment 360, 2009) Retrieved from Opposing Viewpoints in Context 
      database.

Pearce, F. (2012, February). Point of view. Geographical, 84, 76. 
      Retrieved from Academic OneFile database

Peng, X. (2011). China's demographic history and future challenges. Science, 
      333, 581-587. doi:10.1126/science.1209396

Piel, G. (1994, March 21). Defusing the 'Population Bomb.' Nation 258, 376-380.
      Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General Onefile.

The population panic. (2010, January). New Internationalist 429, 5-8.
      Retrieved July 26, 2012, from General Onefile

Population Problem Exaggerated, Critics Say. (2003, June 20). Issues &
      Controversies On File. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from 
      Issues & Controversies@FACTS.com.

Riche, M. (2004, September/October). Low fertility and sustainability. 
      World Watch 17, 45-49. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General 
      OneFile database. N.B. This is listed under the title, 
      "Population and its discontents" in the BI131 handout.

Robey, B. & Rutstein, S. O. (1993, December). The fertility decline in developing
      countries. Scientific American 269, 60, (8 p.).

Roney, S. (2001, December 17). Why (apart from self-interest) does the UN cry 
      alarm about 'overpopulation'?. Report/Newsmagazine 28 (Natl. Edition), 46.
      Retrieved September 29, 2004, from General OneFile database.

Rubenstein, E. (1990, December 17). The more the merrier.  National Review, 14.  Retrieved 
      November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Simon, J. (1994, April). More people, greater wealth, more resources, healthier 
      environment. Economic Affairs, (Article 3.
      While not available in its journal form, Simon's manuscript is available at: 
      http://www.juliansimon.org/writings/Articles/POPENVI2.txt.

Articles by Julian Simon on the Julian 
     Simon site at http://www.juliansimon.org/writings/Articles/.

Simon, J. (1995, December 24). Population growth is our greatest triumph. Popular 
      University  (4 p.)  
      This is available in the form of Simon's manuscript at 
      http://www.juliansimon.org/writings/Articles/POPUNENV.txt

Simon, J. L. (1996, Febrauary). The state of humanity: Steadily improving. Current 380, p. 8-11.

Simon, J. L (1997, March/April). The global environment: 
       megaproblem or not?. Futurist, 31, 17 (2 p.) Retrieved November 
      21, 2000, from General OneFile database 

Singer, M. (1999, August). The population surprise. Atlantic Monthly, 284 
      22 (3 p.). Retrieved November 9, 2009, from 

The following three articles are listed under the single title: "Are people the problem?" in the reading list:
Stafford, T. (1994, October 3).  The bet.  Christianity Today 38, 46-52.
      Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Stafford, T. (1994, October 3). India: A success story.  Christianity Today 38, 53-55.
     Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Stafford, T. (1994, October 3). Thus saith the Lord.  Christianity Today 38, 56-60.
     Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Trends Halting Population Growth. (2004, September). Futurist, 38, 15 (2 p.). Retrieved 
      November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

The truth about the environment. (2001, August 4).  Economist, 360.  
     Retrieved November 9, 2009, from General OneFile database.

Wattenberg, B. (2005, January/February). Never mind the population explosion.  
      American Enterprise, 16, 28-31. Retrieved February 22, 2006, from EBSCOhost 
      Academic Search Premier database (Article Number 16845740).

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Books 

The following books are listed in the CCRLS catalog as being at Chemeketa or available for request from another CCRLS location. (See Requesting Materials for instructions on how to do this.) Some are available on the World Wide Web, as indicated:

Bloom, D.E., Canning, D. & Sevilla, J. (2003). The Demographic Dividend: A New 
      Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change. Santa Monica:
      Rand. Retrieved September 24, 2003, from the World Wide Web at 
      http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR1274/index.html

Cohen, J.E. (1995). How many people can the earth support? New York: Norton.

Easterlin, R.A. (1996). Growth triumphant: The twenty-first century 
      in historical perspective. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.
Also available as an e­book.

Egendorf, L. (Ed.). (2005). The environment: Opposing viewpoints. 
      Detroit: Greenhaven.

Gerdes, L.I. (Ed.). (2009). The environment. Detroit: Greenhaven.
      Ross B. Emmett's Population does not threaten the environment, 
      a chapter from this book, is online in the Opposing Viewpoints 
      In Context database.

Grant, L.  (1996). Juggernaut: Growth on a finite planet.  Santa Ana, CA: 
      Seven Locks Press.

Harrison, P. & Pearce, F. (2000). AAAS atlas of population & environment.  
      Berkeley, CA : University of California Press.

Hohm, C.F. & Jones, L.J. (Eds.). (2000). Population: Opposing viewpoints.
      San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press.

Kahn, H., Brown, W., & Martel, L. (1976). The next 200 years : a scenario 
      for America and the world.  New York: Morrow.

Lomborg, B. (2001). The skeptical environmentalist: measuring the real state
      of the world. New York: Cambridge.

Longman, P. (2004). The empty cradle: How falling birthrates threaten 
      world prosperity and what to do about it. New York: Basic Books, 2004.

Markley, O.W. & McCuan, W.R. (Eds.). (1996). 21st century Earth: Opposing
      viewpoints.  San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press.

Meyers, N. & Simon, J. (1994). Scarcity or abundance?. New York: Norton
      This book is available in manuscript form at 
      http://www.juliansimon.org/writings/Norton/.

Pearce, F. (2010). The coming population crash and our planet's surprising 
      future. Boston: Beacon Press.  Also available as an e-book

Simon, J.L. (1996). The ultimate resource 2. Princeton: Princeton University
      Press.
      This book is online in manuscript form at:
      http://www.juliansimon.org/writings/Ultimate_Resource/



Simon, J.L. (Ed.). (1995). The state of humanity. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell 
      in association with the Cato Institute.

Simon, J.L. & Kahn, H. (Eds.). (1984). The Resourceful earth: a response 
      to Global 2000. New York: B. Blackwell, 1984. 

Wattenberg, B.J. (2004). Fewer: How the new demography of depopulation 
      will shape our future.  Chicago: Ivan R. Dee.

Weber, J.A. (1977). Grow or die!. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House.

§§§


The following books are not available in the CCRLS system, but may be requested through Summit. (See About Summit for more information.)
Bailey, R. (1993).  Ecoscam: The false prophets of ecological Apocalpyse.  New York:
      St. Martin's Press.

Cassen, R., et al. (1994).  Population and development: Old debates, new conclusions.
      New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Press.


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Updated: 10 December 2013